Aug 21, 2023
How to cope with the fear of public speaking: The Complete Guide

Public speaking is a common fear that affects everyone at least once in their lifetime, and for some, it’s a persistent hurdle that triggers anxiety and apprehension.

I remembered a friend of mine who completely forgot his name when he stood before his first audience!

The fear of standing before a crowd, expressing your thoughts and ideas, can feel overwhelming, but it’s fundamentally steeped in our biological and psychological responses.


Understanding the roots of this fear, the triggering mechanisms, and why they appear is the first crucial step towards conquering public speaking anxiety. But it doesn’t stop there.


Equipping yourself with practical fear management techniques and honing your public speaking skills can help transform this fear into an empowering experience and a potential for personal growth.

Understanding the Nature of Fear

Understanding Fear: Biological and Psychological Components

Fear is a primal, deeply ingrained response developed by humans and animals alike for survival.

On the biological front, fear begins in the brain. The amygdala, an almond-shaped structure in the brain, plays a significant role in fear response.

It processes the emotions related to fear and triggers physiological responses including increased heart rate, rapid breathing, and heightened alertness.

Psychologically, fear is associated with our individual past experiences, memories and learned behaviors.

This means, when faced with a certain situation, the brain uses its past experiences or knowledge to anticipate the potential dangers and triggers the fear response accordingly.


Fear of Public Speaking: Triggers and Manifestation


Fear of public speaking, or glossophobia, is primarily shaped by psychological factors. It often stems from a fear of being judged, embarrassed, or seen as incompetent. These feelings may manifest due to past negative experiences related to public speaking, such as mockery or criticism.


Moreover, certain situations, like unfamiliarity with the audience or material, lack of preparation, might activate this fear even more.


When the brain perceives a threat, it sets off a series of reactions, leading to sweaty palms, trembling, dry mouth, rapid heartbeat, and so on. This response can make public speaking an uncomfortable, anxiety-provoking ordeal for many.


Identifying the Root Cause of Fear of Public Speaking


To effectively cope with the fear of public speaking, you need to start by identifying its root cause. This might be a specific event or series of events that left a lasting negative mark regarding public speaking. Try analyzing moments when you felt excessive fear or anxiety about public speaking.


Were you criticized for making a mistake in front of an audience? Did you grow up in an environment where you were frequently judged or mocked when expressing yourself?


The key is to trace back your past and pinpoint the origin of your discomfort. Understanding how this fear originated can help you in developing strategies to overcome it.

The Connection Between Fear & Public Speaking

Fear of public speaking often isn’t about the act of speaking itself, but about the fear of negative judgment, making a mistake, or not measuring up to expectations.

Understanding this crucial point can help you cope with your fear from a more informed perspective.

The task of speaking in public puts individuals in a vulnerable position that makes potential rejection or criticism more immediate and impactful.

Being aware of this dynamic can aid you in addressing your fear, by focusing on actions like improving your communication style or seeking positive and constructive feedback.

In conclusion, understanding the biology and psychology related to fear—particularly fear of public speaking—is an essential step in coping with it. This comprehension provides a platform to understand the triggers better and find appropriate ways to manage this fear, ultimately helping you become a more confident public speaker.


Practical Techniques for Fear Management

The fear of public speaking, also known as glossophobia, is common and can be an inhibiting force. It can create anxiety and discomfort. However, practical techniques like deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and visualization can help manage this fear.

Deep Breathing Technique

Deep breathing can help reduce stress and fear. The process involves breathing in slowly, holding your breath, and exhaling slowly. Here’s the step-by-step method for deep breathing:

  1. Close your eyes and sit in a comfortable position.
  2. Take a slow, deep breath through your nose. Fill your lungs completely, and let your abdomen expand.
  3. Hold your breath for a brief moment.
  4. Exhale slowly through your mouth or nose, letting your body relax as you release the breath.
  5. Repeat this process multiple times before you get on stage or start speaking.
Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique

Progressive muscle relaxation involves tensing and then relaxing different muscle groups.

This helps to reduce physical tension associated with anxiety. Here is how to do it:

  1. Start from your feet and work upward.
  2. Tense a group of muscles for about 5-10 seconds.
  3. Release the tension and let the group of muscles relax completely.
  4. Continue this process with each muscle group: legs, stomach, chest, arms, hands, neck, face.
Visualization Technique

Visualization techniques involve imagining yourself successfully giving your speech, contributing to increasing confidence. Here’s how to visualize:

  1. Sit in a quiet, comfortable place, close your eyes.
  2. Imagine the venue where you’ll be speaking, try to visualize every small detail.
  3. Visualize yourself standing on the stage, confidently presenting.
  4. Visualize the audience applauding and appreciating your talk.

Remember that it is perfectly natural to feel nervous about public speaking. Everyone, even the most experienced speakers, feels some level of nerves before presenting.


Remember that it is perfectly natural to feel nervous about public speaking. Everyone, even the most experienced speakers, feels some level of nerves before presenting. Click To Tweet


These techniques are tools you can use to manage your fears better and boost your confidence.


Development of Public Speaking Skills

Public speaking is an essential skill that not only enhances your professional life but also your personal life.


Whether you need to present a project at work, explain a concept to your team, or share a toast at a wedding, public speaking skills can be a crucial tool.


Understanding its importance can help you to frame your mindset positively towards learning them, alleviating some of the fears you may have.

Find Your Voice and Exude Confidence

Since your voice is the mainstay of your presentation, you should learn to project it appropriately. Begin by mastering the basics: articulate clearly, maintain an even pace, vary your tone to keep the audience engaged, and stress on key points.


Practice these skills regularly by reading out loud or speaking in front of a mirror. With time, you’ll notice that your voice is more controlled, confident, and powerful, reducing your fear of public speaking.

Experiment with Body Language and Eye Contact

One important aspect many may overlook when it comes to public speaking is the power of body language. You can convey a lot of emotions and intentions through your gestures, posture, and facial expressions.


Stand tall, maintain an open posture, and use hand gestures for emphasizing points. Also, make sure to maintain eye contact with your audience, as this keeps the communication channel open and personal.

Engage Actively with Your Audience

The audience plays a key part in your public speaking journey. Engage with them by posing questions, sharing facts or anecdotes, or including interactive activities.


This interaction makes your speech more relatable and enjoyable and will likely ease your nerves, as you notice people responding positively to your talk.

Practice, Practice, and Practice Some More

One of the most effective ways to overcome your fear of public speaking is to practice repeatedly.


Rehearse your speech in front of a mirror, your friends, or record yourself to spot any areas you may want to work on.


As with any other skill, the more you practice, the better you’ll get. Watching TED Talks or similar presentations can also provide useful insights into effective public speaking strategies.

Prepare for Variables

Despite all the preparation, there may be unexpected hurdles during your speech. Prepare for these variables by making sure to have a good grasp of your content cannot be over-emphasized. It’s also helpful to have a back-up plan – such as prepared notes or slides – to turn to if you lose your train of thought.


Embrace Feedback

Feedback can be constructive in overcoming your fear of public speaking. Solicit feedback from friends, family, colleagues, or mentors on your style, delivery, volume, and pace. Constructive criticisms can help you identify areas needing improvement and give you newer strategies to adopt.


By implementing these practical tips, you can gradually build your confidence in public speaking, reducing anxiety associated with it. Remember, public speaking is a journey, not a destination. Each speech or presentation is an opportunity to learn, grow, and improve your skills.


Navigating the intimidating journey of public speaking might seem daunting, but it’s a path laden with opportunities for growth, development, and increased self-confidence.

With a solid understanding of the nature of your fear, the tools to manage it effectively and a good grasp of public speaking skills, you hold the power to shift your perspective and experience.

While remembering that the anxiety you feel is part of our biological and psychological makeup, you can then harness it to actually enhance your performance.


The fear of public speaking is something you can not only cope with but utilize as a catalyst to become an effective, resonating speaker who can make a meaningful impact on an audience.

Felix A. Duyilemi is the world’s #1 Greatness and Leadership Coach who specializes in helping people create extraordinary results by becoming aware of their infinite potential. He is the creator of  1000X Results Coaching Program, a Coaching Program designed to skyrocket your results.

Felix A. Duyilemi is the author of the Award-winning book, “How to Borrow God’s Brain to Succeed” and other top-rated books and has giving more than  5000 talks on subjects ranging from Success Ideation, Mindset, Leadership and Potential Maximization. His latest book is “How to Monetize Your Brain.”

When he’s not learning, or coaching or speaking, he’s at home enjoying the company of his amazing family!

Reach him at [email protected]


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